Periodontal Maintenance and Care
Periodontal disease is also known as gum disease. It is the inflammation and degrading of the periodontium: the soft tissues and bone structures supporting your teeth. Periodontitis is much more severe than gingivitis. Gingivitis is gum inflammation, and without sustained oral hygiene, over time gingivitis will recess the gums, expose the roots of your teeth, or decay your teeth’s supporting bones. If you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease, schedule a check up with Schnierow Dental Care today.
The Common Signs of Gingivitis
Gums that bleed easily when flossing or brushing may be showing signs of either gingivitis or an aggressive flossing technique. Gingivitis is a milder periodontal disease. Symptoms include red, tender, and swollen gums. Gums that are detached from the roots of the tooth are a sign of more advanced gum disease and should be treated by a dental professional or oral surgeon as soon as possible.
How You Can Prevent Periodontal Disease
There are many treatments for periodontal disease. To prevent gum disease overall, the most effective method is maintaining good oral hygiene. Removing bacteria and plaque from your mouth daily by brushing and flossing your teeth can help prevent tooth decay, prevent the spread of bacteria and plaque in your mouth, and keep your gums healthy. Treatments range from nonsurgical therapies to surgical corrections. Non-surgical therapies include scaling, root planing, and dental cleanings. Scaling is when your dental hygienist scrapes or “scales'' plaque from your teeth. This helps by keeping your teeth healthy, your gums strong, and your roots free from plaque. Root planing is like scaling, it removes tartar specifically under the gumline, on the roots of the tooth. Surgeries are needed when the tissues surrounding the teeth are unhealthy and cannot be repaired without surgery. Antibiotic treatments may be used alone or in combination with surgeries or other therapies.
Common Treatments for Severe Gum Disease
Treatment for gum disease can be non-surgical when symptoms are caught early. While gum disease does progress slowly, millions of people suffer from an advanced stage of periodontal disease because of the very gradual progression of symptoms. Gum disease should not be neglected. A useful procedure for people affected by severely recessed gums is root planing. Root planing is the removal of tartar from the tooth's root embedded under the flaps of the gum. Surgical methods include bone grafts, soft tissue grafts, and flap surgery. During flap surgery, a dentist cuts a small piece of gum and pulls it down, revealing the root of the tooth. With the root of the tooth exposed, the dentist can remove tartar more efficiently. A soft tissue graft is a piece of tissue that is usually removed from the roof of the mouth to cover tooth roots that have been exposed by the recession. Periodontitis can lead to loss of alveolar bone, the bone structure supporting your teeth. Bone grafts are small pieces of bone tissue that are inserted into weakened bone structures to stimulate new bone growth.
Periodontitis can be prevented with regular visits to Schnierow Dental Care for cleanings and exams. The effects of gingivitis can be reversed at home with diligent dental hygiene. If you are experiencing any of the aforementioned symptoms, call our team at (424) 383-5005 to schedule an appointment.